Scanning electron microscopy and energy‐dispersive X‐ray spectroscopy analysis of electrochemically etched graphite tips created from pencil lead

Result type
journal article in Web of Science database

Modern day pencil lead is a material of many possibilities. Manufacture process is fast, easy, and well established, yet the full potential of its use still remains to be uncovered. Graphite content ratio to binding clays determines basic properties of the lead like its toughness and color, but more interesting qualities like conductivity and reactivity as well. Properly employed electrochemical etching with a bubble membrane creates sharp and smooth graphite tips, which can be, given enough graphite content, used as probes in several measurement techniques. Observing and adjusting the tip creation process and the results for use in further research are the objectives of this paper.

EDX, graphite, pencil lead, SEM